India’s Human Rights Regime : A Comprehensive Presentation

P.C. Sinha. New Delhi, Kanishka, 2003, 2 parts, xii, 624 p., $61. ISBN 81-7391-550-4.

Contents: Preface. Part I. I. India’s basic and direct human rights legislations: 1. Human rights provisions in the Indian constitution. 2. The Protection of Human Rights Act, 1993. 3. National Human Rights Commission (Procedure) Regulations, 1994. 4. Basic standards recommended by amnesty international relating to national human rights commission. II. India’s issue specific human rights legislations: 5. Rules of procedure of the national commission for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes. 6. The National Commission for Minorities Act, 1992. 7. The National Commission for Women Act, 1990. 8. The Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1995. 9. The Protection of Civil Rights Rules, 1977. 10. The Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989. 11. Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Rules, 1995. 12. The Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961. 13. The Commission of Sati (Prevention) Act, 1987. 14. Commission of Sati (Prevention) Rules, 1988. 15. The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986 and the Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Rules, 1988. 16. The Juvenile Justice Act, 1986. 17. The Pre-Natal Diagnostic Techniques (Regulation and Prevention of Misuse) Act, 1994. 18. The Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955. 19. The Illegal Migrants (Determination by Tribunals) Act, 1983. 20. The Illegal Migrants (Determination by Tribunals) Rules, 1984.

Part 2. 21. Persons with Disabilities (equal opportunities, protection of rights and full participation) Act, 1955. 22. The Criminal Law (amendment) Act, 1932. 23. The Criminal Law (amendment) Act, 1961. 24. Criminal Law Amendment (amending) Act, 1966. 25. The Identification of Prisoners Act, 1920. 26. The Indian Penal Code (45 of 1860). 27. Declaration by the Government of India. 28. Laws on right to information. 29. The National Commission for Backward Classes, Act, 1993. 30. The National Commission for Safai Karamcharis Act, 1993. 31. Christian Marriage and Matrimonial Causes Bill 1994. 32. Indian Succession Amendment Bill 1994. 33. Christian Adoption and Maintenance Bill 1994. III. India’s upcoming human rights bills: 34. An Outline of the Indian Prisons Bill, 1996 as proposed by the National Human Rights Commission. 35. The Juvenile Justice (care and protection of children) Bill, 2000. Index.

“This book entitled “India’s Human Rights Regime” presents a complete picture of contemporary human rights instruments in India, thus placing its legal foundations and implementation mechanism for global evaluation.

“Section A of this book deals with India’s most basic and direct human rights legislations, including the ones incorporated in the Indian Constitution in the form of fundamental rights duties and directive principles of state policy; its part III, IV and article 21 being the most important and relevant. The Protection of Human Rights Act, responsible for creation of National Human Commission, is presented.

“Section B of this book is devoted to “Issue Specific Human Rights Legislations”. The last section of this book, Section C, is about the upcoming human rights bills, thereby indicating about the issues and options India has for near future consideration. Therefore, Section C presents the readers with an outline of the new Indian Prisons Bill as proposed by the NHRC; and the new Juvenile Justice (Care and Protection of Children) Bill.”

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